Necrotizing enterocolitis: Pathophysiology, prevention and treatment
Hayder Neamah Hassan
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common acute abdomen in a newborn kid, according to neonatologists. It is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in neonatal intensive care units. Gut necrosis of various lengths and depths is seen, with intestinal perforation occurring in up to one-third of affected newborns. Prenatal and neonatal treatment advancements resulted in the survival of preterm babies who were in danger of NEC. NEC is the most common surgical emergency in newborns, with a higher fatality rate than other gastrointestinal disorders requiring surgical treatment. Despite much research, the exact aetiology and pathophysiology of the disease remain unclear. The history, epidemiology, aetiology, and risk factors, pathophysiology, prevention, and treatment modalities of necrotizing enterocolitis are all included in this study.