International Journal of Nursing and Health Research

International Journal of Nursing and Health Research


International Journal of Nursing and Health Research
International Journal of Nursing and Health Research
Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2021)

Necrotizing enterocolitis: Pathophysiology, prevention and treatment


Hayder Neamah Hassan

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common acute abdomen in a newborn kid, according to neonatologists. It is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in neonatal intensive care units. Gut necrosis of various lengths and depths is seen, with intestinal perforation occurring in up to one-third of affected newborns. Prenatal and neonatal treatment advancements resulted in the survival of preterm babies who were in danger of NEC. NEC is the most common surgical emergency in newborns, with a higher fatality rate than other gastrointestinal disorders requiring surgical treatment. Despite much research, the exact aetiology and pathophysiology of the disease remain unclear. The history, epidemiology, aetiology, and risk factors, pathophysiology, prevention, and treatment modalities of necrotizing enterocolitis are all included in this study.
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How to cite this article:
Hayder Neamah Hassan. Necrotizing enterocolitis: Pathophysiology, prevention and treatment. International Journal of Nursing and Health Research, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2021, Pages 36-39
International Journal of Nursing and Health Research International Journal of Nursing and Health Research