International Journal of Nursing and Health Research

International Journal of Nursing and Health Research


International Journal of Nursing and Health Research
International Journal of Nursing and Health Research
Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2021)

A study to assess the knowledge & attitude regarding droplet infection among adults in selected areas of Rajkot city


Vipul Ravat

The term “droplet”, as used in this context, consists mostly of water with various inclusions, depending on how it is generated. Naturally produced droplets from humans (e.g., droplets produced by breathing, talking, sneezing, coughing) include various cells types (e.g., epithelial cells and cells of the immune system), physiological electrolytes contained in mucous and saliva (e.g., Na+, K+, Cl-), as well as, potentially, various infectious agents (e.g., bacteria, fungi and viruses). With artificially generated droplets in a health-care setting (e.g., suction of respiratory tract), the main constituent will also be sterile water, with various electrolytes (e.g., “normal” or physiological saline, including Na+, Cl-) and often the molecules of a drug (e.g., salbutamol for asthmatics). Both these naturally and artificially generated droplets are likely to vary in both size and content. Droplets >5 μm tend to remain trapped in the upper respiratory tract (oropharynx — nose and throat areas), whereas droplets ≤5 μm have the potential to be inhaled into the lower respiratory tract (the bronchi and alveoli in the lungs). Currently, the term droplet is often taken to refer to droplets >5 μm in diameter that fall rapidly to the ground under gravity, and therefore are transmitted only over a limited distance (e.g., ≤1 m). In contrast, the term droplet nuclei refer to droplets ≤5 μm in diameter that can remain suspended in air for significant periods of time, allowing them to be transmitted over distances >1 m. Other studies suggest slightly different definitions, with ranges for “large” droplets, “small” droplets and droplet nuclei being >60 μm in diameter, ≤60 μm in diameter and <10 μm in diameter, respectively. The concept is that the naturally and artificially produced aerosols will contain a range of droplet sizes, whose motion will depend significantly on various environmental factors, such as gravity, the direction and strength of local airflows, temperature and relative humidity (which will affect both the size and mass of the droplet due to evaporation). Objectives: 1. To assess the knowledge regarding droplet infection among adults in selected areas of Rajkot city. 2. To assess the Attitude regarding droplet infection among adults in selected areas of Rajkot city. 3. To find out association between the knowledge and selected demographic variables regarding droplet infection among adults.
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How to cite this article:
Vipul Ravat. A study to assess the knowledge & attitude regarding droplet infection among adults in selected areas of Rajkot city. International Journal of Nursing and Health Research, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2021, Pages 23-24
International Journal of Nursing and Health Research International Journal of Nursing and Health Research